Marie Schindler O'Neill was born January 13, 1865 in San Francisco,
California, daughter of W. F. R. Schindler and Rosalie Young Schindler.
She arrived at Fort Whipple, Arizona, about 1884. A school teacher,
probably in Williamson Valley, she caught the eye of Hoof and Horn
newspaper editor Buckey O'Neill. On April 27, 1886 in Prescott,
Arizona, she married William Owen "Buckey" O'Neill. He was a Yavapai
County probate judge, sheriff and tax assessor, ex officio school
superintendent, reporter, editor and publisher, court recorder, and mayor
Pauline and Buckey had two children: "Buckey"
Jr., born January 1, 1887, who died at two weeks old and Maurice, adopted
on October 15, 1897. At the start of the Spanish-American War in
1898, Buckey co-founded the First United States Volunteer Cavalry
(Roosevelt's Rough Riders). He recruited the men for Troop A of that
regiment on July 1, 1898, and was killed at Kettle Hill, Cuba, while serving
as its captain.
Pauline honed her political skills
with several leadership positions in the Arizona Territorial Women's
Suffrage Association, including at least one term as president. She
helped Arizona women earn the right to vote four years before the 19th
amendment was enacted. Her first political office was an appointment to
the Yavapai County Board of Examiners. In 1917 she was elected to
the Arizona Legislature, the first woman from Maricopa County to win a
seat. Serving two terms from 1918-1921, she supported many women's
and children's issues, including Arizona's ratification of the 19th
amendment, a plan to codify the governance of the public schools, and a
minimum wage for women.
Pauline also sponsored the bill that
purchased the "Old" Governor's Mansion in Prescott, thus paving the way
for Sharlot Hall's dream ten years later. She was also an active
member of the Women's Relief Corps, Prescott's Chautauqua Circle, Monday
Club, Women's Temperance Union, Phoenix Women's Club, American Red Cross
and the Catholic Church. Her work for the Women's Relief Corps and
the American Red Cross made a tangible impact on many families and
soldiers suffering hardships, and earned her a commendation from the Red
Cross for her contributions during WWII.
Pauline married Eugene Brady O'Neill (Buckey's
Brother) on May 16, 1901, in Phoenix. Brady was an attorney,
territorial legislator, and a leader in Arizona's Democratic Party.
He died in 1918.
Pauline died on January 12, 1961, in
Hollywood, California. She is buried in the Calvary Cemetery at Los
Hall Museum staff and volunteers.
Additional documentation and
photographs may be available in the
Sharlot Hall Museum Archives and Library.
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